disadvantages of corporation

What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Corporation?

Corporate 07 October 2023 5 Mins Read

While starting a business, it is important to choose a proper structure. The structure can affect the way in which the government can tax your business. You can also get information about your personal liabilities and the way in which your business operates. One of the most common options is the corporation. However, there are various advantages and disadvantages of corporation that you must look at to see whether it is the right option or not.

In this article, you will look at what a business corporation is and how it works. We shall look at the general structuring and functions of corporations. Then we will take a look at the various advantages of corporations from which you can benefit. Finally, we will share with you some of the major disadvantages of corporations, which you must be aware of. Hence, to learn more about corporations, read on through to the end of the article.

What Is A Business Corporation?

What Is A Business Corporation

According to Investopedia,

A corporation is a legal entity that is separate and distinct from its owners. Under the law, corporations possess many of the same rights and responsibilities as individuals. They can enter contracts, loan and borrow money, sue and be sued, hire employees, own assets, and pay taxes. A corporation’s distinguishing characteristic is limited liability.

When you legally declare a business as a corporation, it becomes a legal entity that is separate from the owners. The owners become the shareholders of the business organization. In general, a corporation typically consists of a board of directors who make decisions, and the shareholders of the company elect the directors.

The corporation is basically a formal structure of a business, and the owners of the business have less personal liability as compared to other forms of business. However, running a corporation is more expensive and requires various complicated rules to follow. This is because the stakeholders of the organization need to do a lot of reporting and record-keeping to ensure the processes of the business are properly followed.

Read More: What Is Employee Retention? What Are The Different Benefits Of Employee Retention?

How Does A Corporation Work?

How Does A Corporation Work

According to Business News Daily,

A corporation is a separate legal entity from its owners and offers liability protection for each owner’s personal assets […] corporations can generally conduct any lawful business as well as the actions necessary to conduct the business, like entering into contracts, owning assets, borrowing money, hiring employees, suing and being sued.

There is generally a Board of Directors that governs the corporation. The shareholders of the corporation elect the Board of Directors of the organization. Each owner of the company generally owns a percentage of the company which is based on the number of shares. 

Basically, the shares of a corporation are easy to buy and sell, and it is easy to transfer the ownership of a corporation from one owner to the other. The person with the most number of shares of the company becomes the primary owner. The transferability of ownership helps the business organization to continue for a long time.

To form a corporation, an individual or a group of individuals need to incorporate the business. The owners then become shareholders of the organization, and the level of ownership depends on the person with the most shares. 

What Are The Advantages Of Corporation Businesses?

What Are The Advantages Of Corporation Businesses

The following are the major advantages of forming a corporation due to which you will get a lot of benefits:

1. Protection Of Personal Liability

For a corporation, it is much easier to protect personal asset liability as compared to any other business entity. If someone sues the corporation, the shareholders are not subject to legal obligations.

2. Business Becomes Secure

The ownership of the corporation is based on the number of stocks an individual owns. This gives the owners the ability to transfer their ownership if they are unable to maintain it. This gives the business security and perpetuity.

3. Better Access To Capital

Most corporations sell ownership through publicly traded stock. Hence, it is easy to raise funds by selling the stocks, which makes access to capital easier.

4. Tax Benefits For S-Corporations

S-corporations get the benefits of taxation as opposed to C-corporations, which are subjected to double taxation. 

What Are The Disadvantages Of Corporation Businesses?

Here are a few disadvantages of forming a business into a corporation which you must be aware of:

1. Application Process Takes Time

To make a corporation, you will need to incorporate your business into the Office of the Secretary of the State, which takes a long time.

2. Rigid Structure, Protocols, And Formalities To Follow

You will need to adhere to a lot of legal and formal requirements to ensure that the corporation runs properly. Furthermore, there are also restrictions in various cases.

3. High Taxation

C- Corporations are subjected to double taxation. Here, the taxation applies to the business entity as well as the shareholder. In S-corporations, the shareholders only pay the taxes and not the business.

4. Expensive To Operate

It is expensive to form and operate a corporation. This is much more difficult at the start. To get a corporation running, you might need to ensure a lot of startup capital, in addition to larger taxes, ongoing fees, and filing charges.

Lastly, according to Indeed.com,

Weighing the advantages and disadvantages of a corporate structure may help you decide if it’s the option you want to pursue. However, considering a general list of advantages and disadvantages of a corporate structure doesn’t give you a personalized look at how the structure can impact your business. If you’re unsure, it’s best to talk to a professional who can help you decide.

Read More: Reputation Defender: Review, Pros & Cons

Wrapping Up

Hope this article was helpful for you in getting a better idea of the various advantages and disadvantages of corporation businesses. The state considers a corporation as a legal entity that is separate from its owners. The owners thus become shareholders of the company. Corporations are great if you want security and personal liability protection.

However, some of the major cons of having a corporation are that things take time to process, and some corporations are subject to double taxation by the government. Furthermore, there are rigid formalities that the corporation needs to follow. Do you have any more information to add? Share your ideas with us in the comments section below.

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corporate citizenship corporate greed corporate monopolies corporate person hood double taxation

A passionate writer and an avid reader, Soumava is academically inclined and loves writing on topics requiring deep research. Having years of content writing experience, Soumava also loves creating blogs in other domains, including digital marketing, business, technology, travel, and sports.

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